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How to Build Basic Wooden Shelves

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An easy way for making wood shelves to put up in an alcove or closet using furring strips.

How to build basic wooden shelves
If your home is short on storage space, try going vertical! Or use the space in an overlooked alcove or closet. Either way, wood shelves are easy to build. And they add a lot more storage room to your home.

Here’s how to put up shelves in an alcove. My wood shelves happen to be in the laundry room, but they would also work great in a closet, or a nook by your fireplace.

What Are Furring Strip Boards?

This DIY project uses furring strips to easily hang the shelves in an alcove. But what are furring strips?

Furring strips are long, thin pieces of metal or wood. Common lengths are 1″ X 2″ or 1″ X 3″.

They are used to create a solid framework to attach wood, paneling or plaster. In our case, we are using furring strips to be the alcove shelf supports so that we don’t have to drill the wood shelves into the wall.

So, we are adding furring strips to the wall easily. Then sliding the wood shelves on top. It’s possible because we’re using three walls in the alcove for support.

How To Make Wood Shelves Using Furring Strips


This shelf building method is specifically for alcoves, or areas with walls on three sides.  Here’s what they’ll look like finished:

Built in wooden shelves with furring strips
wood shelves using furring strips
Underside of finished shelves.


1. Measure the Wood Size for Shelves Before Shopping

It should go without saying, but you’ll definitely need to take a careful measurement of your alcove or closet before you go to the store. Measure the length and the depth. Then write down the exact measurements and take it with you.

You might want to get my Project Planning Workbook to help you keep track of measurements.

Measure space for shelves
Carefully measure the length for your shelves, and bring it to the store with you.

Why is this so important?

The obvious answer is that you’ll need to know how much material to buy.  But there’s also a better reason!

Most stores will cut wood boards for free. You can save yourself the effort of getting out your saw and making the cuts. Just tell a clerk at the store how long you want the boards to be, and let them do the work.

2. Gather your materials

Wood Boards

For each shelf, I used two 1″ x 10″ boards.  You may need to adjust the width of board you choose, based on the depth of your space.  Have the store cut the boards to the right length.

Furring Strips

  • Cut one piece to the same length as your entire alcove
  • Cut two more pieces that are about two inches shorter than the width of your two shelf boards.  (This will make sense when you see the installation picture below.)
  • You’ll need another foot or two to tie shelf boards together.

Decorative Molding

  • Cut this to length at the store. You only have to buy as much as you need.

3. Choose shelf height

Decide where you want the top of your shelf to be, and mark the height on the wall with a pencil. This will be your reference.

Installing wood shelves
Make a reference mark for the top of your shelf.

Helpful Tip:  Don’t make the same mistake I did when deciding on shelf height. For my laundry room shelves, I placed the shelf high enough to allow the lid of the washing machine to open, but I didn’t account for the trim. I had to cut a notch out of the trim to allow the lid to open.

Shelf installation
Be sure to put your shelves high enough to allow space for anything that has to go underneath, like a washing machine lid.

4. Install the furring strip

Intall the furring strip along the back wall first.  Put the top of the board on your pencil mark.  Use a bubble level to make it straight, and then use a drill to screw it into the studs.

Install Wood Shelves
Screw the firring strip into the studs along the back wall.

Helpful Tip:  You can usually knock on the wall and listen for the sound to change when you’re in the general vicinity of a stud.  Then you can tap a small nail into the wall to see if it hits anything to help you pinpoint the exact location of the stud.

Next, install the furring strips along the side walls. These may not be long enough to reach to a stud, so you can put in a few extra screws to help keep it secure.

Furring strip for shelves on wall
Put a couple extra screws in the shorter side pieces.
Firring strip installed
Three pieces of furring strip installed in the alcove.

5. Tie the shelf boards together

Attaching the shelf boards to each other adds rigidity and strength to your shelf.  You can do this with another piece of furring strip on the bottom side of the shelf.

Turn the two shelf boards upside down, and push them together, making sure the ends are aligned.

Center the furring strip between the two boards, and screw it into each board.  (Be sure your screws aren’t so long that they might go through the top of the shelf.)

drilling in cut furring strip
Screw the furring strip into both shelf boards.
wood furring strip joining two shelves together
The wood strip secures the shelf boards together.

6. Put the shelf in place

Your shelf boards are now ready to put in place.  You may have to tip them at an angle to get them into the alcove, but they will sit on top of the wood pieces attached to the wall.

You can secure the shelves to the wood underneath if you want to, but it’s not necessary.

7. Install trim

The decorative molding I purchased came pre-finished, so I didn’t have to do any painting.  You may want to paint your trim before you install it.

Align the top of the molding with the top of the shelf.  Tack it in place with small wire nails. I painted the tops of the nails to match the trim when I was finished.

Wood shelves with front moulding
Try to center your nails in the shelf board behind the molding.

I filled mine up with my laundry supplies, and bins for extra storage.  Be sure to check out my whole laundry room makeover.

Laundry room shelves

Want more DIY projects? Here’s how I built my own pergola without any plans.

And I built my own wood post and rail fence, too. Again, no plans needed!


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